The Michigan Wind Farm Map offers current, proposed, and deferred or canceled projects in Michigan. Information is taken from both public and government reports from the Michigan Public Services Commission. This site is updated as information becomes available.
The Great Lakes Map of Wind Farms in Michigan
Map and Data of Wind Turbines in Michigan last updated August 27, 2021
The Upper Thumb & Mid Michigan Leads in Renewable Energy
The first wind turbine installed in the Upper Thumb was at Laker Elementary School near Pigeon in 2005. 1
The first industrial wind farms were Harvest Wind near Elkton and Michigan Wind 1 near Ubly. Both came online in 2008.1
Michigan’s Thumb (Huron, Sanilac, Tuscola) currently has 836 operating turbines producing 1584 MW of electricity. 59% of the total operating in the state. 7
Huron County has the largest installed wind energy base in the Great Lakes region, with 472 active wind turbines. 7
The Upper Thumb region hosts a high-capacity, 140-mile electric transmission line. This project is called the Thumb Loop, capable of carrying electricity or up to 2,800 wind turbines. 2
Gratiot Farms Wind Project went online on December 16, 2020, and featured 60 turbines with a 150-megawatt capacity, enough to power about 58,000 residents.
As of August 2021, Michigan has an installed operational capacity of 3,102 MW. 7
Michigan Wind Energy Operational Stats
As of August 2021, Michigan has a total of 1,581 operational turbines producing 3,102 MW. Plans underway show a total of 1,658 turbines with 3,527 MW operational at the end of 2021. Source: Michigan Public Services Commission
The as of May 2020, the Michigan Public Services Commission is currently tracking progress on 33 wind farm projects. Source: Michigan Public Services Commission
In February 2019, there was a total of 3,000 MW attributed to renewable energy production. 69% was wind energy followed by Hydroelectric (12%), Biomass (7%), Landfill gas (5%), Solar (4%), and Municipal solid waste (3%) – Source: Report on the Implementation and Cost Effectiveness of the P.A. 295 Renewable Energy Standard – February 15, 2019
In 2017 11.3% of all electricity produced in Michigan was generated by renewable. – Source: Report on the Implementation and Cost Effectiveness of the P.A. 295 Renewable Energy Standard – February 15, 2019
As of April 2020, Michigan has an Installed Wind Capacity of 2,684 MW. Source: American Wind Energy Association, USGS
In 2015 all of Michigan’s electric providers met – or exceeded – the 10 percent renewable energy standard set by the Michigan legislature.
Michigan’s new renewable standard will increase to 12.5 percent in 2019 and 2020 and 15 percent in 2021, as required by Public Act 342. A goal of 35% by 2025. Source: Report on the Implementation and Cost Effectiveness of the P.A. 295 Renewable Energy Standard – February 15, 2019
As of April 2020, Michigan ranks 12th in the nation for installed wind turbines. Source: American Wind Energy Association
DTE Energy owns and operates 18 wind parks, and 31 solar farms will produce more than 1,760 megawatts of energy, enough to power 670,000 homes.
Consumers Energy owns 3 and operates 18 solar farms. The company has plans to add nearly 8,000 MW of solar, including approximately 1,100 MW through 2024.
Mid-Michigan’s Isabella l and Isabella ll are Michigan’s largest wind parks.
As of April 2020, wind energy has created between 4,000-5,000 jobs in Michigan. Source: American Wind Energy Association
There are at least 27 manufacturing facilities in Michigan producing components for the wind industry. Source: American Wind Energy Association
Michigan’s Thumb’s highest wind speeds occur from September through April, averaging 12.4 miles per hour. The summer months from April through September are calmer, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.1 miles per hour.
Approximately $4.2 billion has been invested in wind energy projects in the state of Michigan. Source: American Wind Energy Association
While Michigan’s Thumb region leads the Great Lakes area with over 1368 MW of capacity, the latest completed projects in Mid-Michigan Gratiot County will host 400 turbines with 823.8 MW of capacity.
Top 5 Wind Counties in Michigan
The following chart represents the top five counties in Michigan with the most wind turbines. In August 2021, Gratiot and Isabella counties overtook Huron in terms of the most output capacity. However, Huron county remains the leader with the most installed wind turbines in operation.
Locate Michigan Wind Farms Near You
Currently, there are no ongoing tours available to casual visitors. However, during special events like Cheeseburger in Caseville or the Harbor Beach Mariners Festival, DTE has been known to host tours. Check the event directory for potential tours in the Upper Thumb.
Detailed Michigan Wind Farm Pages
Specific details for each wind farm in the greater Thumb and Michigan area can be found in the links below.
- Apple Blossom Wind Farm
- Beebe Community Wind Farm
- Cross Winds Energy Parks (I, II, III)
- Deerfield Wind Farm
- Gratiot Wind Farms
- Lake Winds Energy Park
- Michigan Wind 1
- Michigan Wind 2
- Pinnebog Wind Farm
- Thumb Wind Park Sigel
- Tuscola Bay Wind I
- Crescent (Hillsdale)Wind Farm
Resources – DIY Wind Turbine Kits
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Wind Energy Growth in the United States
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that new U.S. wind capacity projects over the next year will be near the annual record level of additions last set in 2012. Wind capacity additions in the United States through June 2019 totaled 3.7 gigawatts (GW). Wind projects reported to EIA through surveys and on EIA’s Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory. Operators expect another 8.5 GW to come online by the end of 2019, with an additional 14.3 GW by 2020.
The cumulative U.S. established onshore wind capacity exceeded 100 gigawatts (GW) as of the end of September 2019, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory. More than half of that amount has been installed since the beginning of 2012. The oldest wind turbines still operating in the United States came online as early as 1975.
Michigan No Longer Leads in Wind Energy
By the end of September 2019, 41 states had at least one installed wind turbine. Texas had the most capacity installed, at 26.9 GW, followed by Iowa, Oklahoma, and Kansas. These four states accounted for half of the total U.S. installed wind capacity. It’s estimated that the United States would have about 122 GW of wind capacity by the end of 2020.
FAQs – Frequently Asked Questions About Wind Farms
As of 2019, the Us Department of Energy estimates that wind power supplies about 6% of total U.S. electricity generation. They further estimate that there are 80 gigawatts of industrial wind farms in production. That’s enough to power 24 million homes. The states with the highest production use of wind are Iowa and South Dakota with 30%. Twelve other states have approximately 10% of total use.
Commercial wind farms are typically built by wind energy developers using private funding and financing. The Department of Energy noted that before a wind project starts, the developer will assess the wind resource at a particular site by collecting meteorological data, determining transmission line access, and reviewing environmental and community impacts. Local zoning also places a huge factor in the ability to place a wind turbine on any property.
It’s estimated that the United States would have about 122 GW of wind capacity by the end of 2020.
Wind farms in Michigan are clustered in three counties where the wind is fairly consistent and strong. These are Huron County in the Upper Thumb. Gratiot County in mid-Michigan and Tuscola County, also in Michigan’s Thumb. See our map of wind turbines in Michigan for exact locations.
Related Michigan Wind Farms Reading
- Huron Continues to Lead in Wind Incidents in 2017 – 2017 data obtained from Caithness Windfarm Information Forum, a global incident collection group in the UK showed that since 1990, Huron County continues to lead Michigan in terms of wind farm accidents and incidents.
- Michigan Competitive in Wind Production, But Future Limited – Over the past twenty years, the Great Lakes region has been steadily increasing the number of new wind projects and wind energy output. Now that pace looks to have slowed with more local communities placing acting tighter zoning control over industrial wind development. Se our map of wind turbines in Michigan for details.
- Michigan Wind Farm Accidents – Publicly reported incidents regarding structural, environmental, personal injury, and transport incidents associated with industrial wind energy. Includes a map similar to the map of wind turbines in Michigan
- What to Do During a Power Blackout – A Checklist – Looking ahead, we thought it was a good idea to provide a quick checklist for preparing for an extended power outage of at least three days. Extended power outages can occur after a severe storm with associated high winds. Here is the list of supplies and things to do to make the best of it.
Sources Consulted For Map of Wind Turbines in Michigan
- AWEA U.S. Wind Industry Online Wind Projects and Manufacturing Facilities
- Detroit Free Press
- “Map services and data are available from U.S. Wind Turbine Database, provided by the U.S. Geological Survey, American Wind Energy Association, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory”.
- Michigan Public Services Commission – Report on the Implementation and Cost Effectiveness of the P.A. 295 Renewable Energy Standard February 15, 2019
- Today in Energy – U.S. Energy Information Administration
- Michigan Public Services Commission