God’s Rays over Saginaw Bay, photo by Tom Clark Awesome shot from last year on Saginaw Bay! View Tom’s photo bigger and see more in his Skyscapes slideshow. More from Saginaw on Michigan in Pictures.
In an earlier post, “It’s Time to Consider a Bounty on Asian Carp” we advocate exploring a bounty program to help curb or control this invasive species until a long term solution can be developed. However it’s entirely within the realm of thinking that we may never eradicate the Asian Carp so a bounty program will have to be enacted for some form of control. This Post gives some history of bounty programs and a current model in Louisiana that has curbed a large invasive rodent population.
Asian carp are literally at the doorstep of the waters of the Great Lakes. Some of the species DNA evidence has already been found in Lakes Michigan and Erie and are expected to become established there within the next ten years. Asian carp, which are native to Southeast Asia, consume large amounts of plankton to support their rapid growth and massive body weight. This strips an important food source from the lakes and rivers they invade, causing native species such as Walleye, Whitefish and Yellow Perch to be stressed, starve and die.
Authorities in the states surrounding the Great Lakes are scrambling to find a way to rid the nearby rivers in Illinois of Asian carp and prevent their migration and permanent establishment in the Great Lakes. Some, including Michigan, have considered using a bounty system to help eliminate the fish. How effective have these bounty systems been in the history of America’s attempt to control problem wildlife? And, would a similar program work in Michigan and the rest of the Great Lakes?
The first bounties to be enacted in the United States were used primarily to protect livestock from animals such as wolves and coyotes. The very first known bounty was established in Massachusetts in 1630 to try to stop packs of wolves from attacking animals and people.
Between 1630 and 1840, European settlement of the United States spread west. Settlers to these areas began encountering more and different animal threats to their livestock, including bears, wolves, and mountain lions. Individual farmers would hunt these predators or set out traps and snares to catch them, but the federal government did not offer bounties at this time. Some individual states, like New Hampshire, did offer small bounties for some predators during this period, though. And by 1860, a bounty on coyotes had been set up in the rapidly growing Midwest and Western regions.
The first major federal bounty program began in 1915, when Congress appropriated $125,000 to assist with predator control and nuisance animals. This program used hired trappers to and hunters to seek out and destroy problem species. Many states also had their own bounty programs in place by this time, whereby anyone who could prove they had killed one of the targeted species could be paid for each animal they destroyed.
The success of bounty programs has been varied. They seem to work out better when the targeted species is a non-native, invasive one. When natural predators, such as wolves, are killed off in large numbers, this can have a negative impact on the environment. This happens when the number of prey animals grows out of control and begins to damage the natural environment.
However, states like Louisiana have seen success in their efforts to control the invasive, non-native nutria. A bounty program on nutria was established there in 1998, and it has reportedly reduced the damage caused by the animal to coastal wetlands. Louisiana received federal funding to test and establish a bounty program. The program allowed hunters to keep the meat and fur and turn in the tail as proof of the kill. Thus the annual program was part of the budget from the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection and Restoration Act in 2002.
In 2014, Louisiana paid $5 a tail, for a total of $1.94 million, to 252 hunters, with just under half the hunters offering 800 tails or more. The $5 per tail bounty provided an economic stimulus for the coastal region, and provided year-round income hunting for the otherwise unemployed.
Based on these results, a Michigan bounty on Asian carp in the Great Lakes could work. Asian carp are not native to the area, and they are causing environmental damage by wreaking havoc on the local fish and ecosystem. Further support for this bounty comes from the fact that China has eliminated Asian carp in the wild by over-fishing them. Asian carp could be processed, frozen and exported to the markets where this meat is scarce and highly sought as a food source. As the threat from this species continues to threaten the multi-billion dollar fishing and tourism industries, it is clear that a bounty on Asian carp in the Great Lakes is a solution worth pursuing.
Images from Wikipedia Commons
Cold weather storms this time of year can be mild (lasting several hours), or severe (lasting several days, with strong winds and very low temperatures). Knowing how to prepare for these events is important for your safety and the safety of your family. Here are a few things you can do to be ready for inclement weather if you live in a cold climate like Michigan.
According to FEMA, there are three phases to coping with a cold weather disaster. These are Prepare, Survive, and Recover.
Preparing for a Cold Weather Emergency
In preparation for a storm or extreme cold, the first thing you can do is gather supplies. The following are some essential (and a couple non-essential) items you might want to stock up on before the next cold front hits.
- First aid kit. A first aid kit is absolutely essential, especially if the roads are bad and emergency help cannot reach you. Have a first aid manual available, and consider taking a first aid certification course, such as the one offered by the American Red Cross.
- Hand crank flashlight with NOAA radio and USB port. The great thing about these devices is that you will be able to get emergency notifications and, if the power goes out, it will provide you with light and a way to charge your cell phone. It also doesn’t hurt to have a couple of extra LED flashlights with 5 year batteries.
- Water. Keep at least a 3 day supply of water, 1 gallon per person per day. A water filter or purification method can be substituted if you have a source of water near by, and a way to melt it if it’s frozen.
- Prepared food. MREs (Meals Ready to Eat) were originally developed for the military, but are now available in many varieties designed for civilian use. They come dehydrated in pouches—just add hot water. If you cannot boil water, you can also make them with cold water. Although this isn’t particularly appealing, at least you won’t go hungry!
- Candles/Cans of Sterno fuel. – These provide light and enough heat to boil water or warm up some food. Also be sure to have a box of dry matches or a couple of lighters.
- Fuel. If you have a fireplace, wood stove or pellet stove, make sure that you have plenty of fuel to burn. If the electricity goes out, this is a great way to stay warm.
- Medication. You should always have at least a week’s supply of any prescription medication you use.
- Extra diapers and formula if you have a baby.
- Extra pet food if you have a pet.
- Adequate cold weather gear and bedding. We’re from Michigan, so we should already have this covered!
- Salt or other some other product to melt ice. It’s useful to have road salt in order to keep from slipping on your walkways or driveways when it’s time to dig out.
- Snow shovel. Go for one of the more expensive ergonomic shovels. Trust me, it’s a good investment and your lower back will thank you for it later!
- Craft beer. What better to accompany your MREs when the storm is raging outside!
- Games and books. If the power goes out, you’ll need something to do besides sleep.
It’s best to supply yourself adequately so you will not have to drive. In addition to stocking up on essential items, you should develop a communications plan with your family, including those who do not live in your area. If you have a household generator, make sure it’s in working order and ensure the batteries in your smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors are fresh. Finally, bring pets indoors to protect them from the storm.
During the Emergency
FEMA recommends that you stay inside during the storm and stay off the roads. Limit your outdoor exposure as much as you can. If you really do need to go outdoors, make sure you’re properly clothed, layering and covering as much of your skin as possible.
In order to avoid freezing pipes, do not lower your thermostat at night during extreme cold snaps and keep your taps dripping. Although it may cost a little more to keep your home warmer, it’s a lot less expensive than repairing frozen pipes and the water damage that can accompany them.
If the heat goes out, close off unused rooms and turn on all of your taps so that they drip. If you have a fireplace or wood burning stove, camp out in that room to stay warm. In addition, never heat your home with a grill, propane heater, camp stove, or your kitchen range. If you do so, you risk carbon monoxide poisoning.
After the Emergency
If your heat or electricity has gone out for an extended period of time, consider going to a friend’s or relative’s house (who has power), a hotel, or a community shelter. If the temperature is consistently well below freezing, move the contents of your refrigerator and freezer to a garage or unheated service porch to keep the food from going bad.
Use extra caution when shoveling snow. Push rather than lift the snow, take frequent breaks (go inside and warm up), and make sure that you are properly clothed. Also, take careful note of symptoms of frostbite.
Keep these preparedness steps in mind when the next cold front hits. Doing so will help ensure you and your loved ones stay safe and comfortable, even when the weather takes a turn for the worse. You can find additional information about preparing for winter storms from the Department of Homeland Security and RedCross.org.
We almost take it for granted that if your near the lake in Huron county that your a short walk or drive away from being able to put your toes into the water. That was not always the case. I remember stories from my grand parents and others that the beach front was some of the last land to be sold and parcel developed. After the lumber boom had fizzed out in the 1880’s attention turned to farming. Since the dunes and swampy areas near the water were pretty unfit for farming they stayed clear of development until well into the 1900’s.
Parks were available but they were far and few in between. This small article appeared in 1937 in the Harbor Beach newspaper as many miles of M-25 were in process of being paved. It called on Huron leadership to extend the township roadways that stopped at M-25 right to the shore so tourists could access the beach and lake. Sanilac county took the lead on establishment of easements that were a model for much of the Great Lakes region. Today an example of township easement this can be clearly seen at Oak Beach. The road runs right up the water where, for many years, there was a boat ramp available righ on the edge of the park..